The Five Steps of ADDIE – for Project Managers

The letters "ADDIE" are to instructional designers what the term "waterfall" is to project managers.  It represents the framework for completing an instructional design project using a specific set of steps.

A- Analyze – Similar to the project life cycle, the analyze phase is where we scope out the outcomes of the learning including a stakeholder assessment, future state, gap analysis, timeline, risks and issues.

D- Design – This is the phase where we develop how the training will be structured including the type of training, media, interface design, objectives of each section, timing of each objective and an overall roadmap.

D- Develop – ADDIE projects work in the same way technical waterfall projects in this phase.  Teams work on the technical pieces that make up the learning and report on progress towards completing the project as specified in the Analyze and Design phases.

I- Implement – The instructional design team provides the new learning program to trainers with procedures for implementing the training.  If this is an e-learning course, this will include instructions on how to use the training system for trainers and students alike.

E- Evaluate – A summary evaluation is completed at the end of the process to assess the overall process, gather feedback from participants and provide any corrective actions to maximize success.  In addition to the final evaluation, there is an evaluation that occurs after each of the phases above.  Think of them as the tollgates between moving from one stage to the next.

Note:  Just as in the PM world, an iterative development methodology has emerged over the past several years for instructional design.  SAM (Successive Approximation Model) is the prominent instructional design approach and can be thought of as the analogous with agile for project managers.  

Knowing these terms and how the methodologies relate to the project management world will help you as a project manager be able to better relate to and work with your learning and development teams you complete your projects.